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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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how far they are expected to carry their * realism' in respect either of
principle or of material consideration."
The Allied Press awaited the Russian reply with optimism. But it
was to come like a bolt from the blue. On January 17, the Government
of the U.S.S.R. published the following short statement :
" 1. In the Polish Declaration, the question of the recognition of the
* Curzon Line ' as the Soviet-Polish frontier is entirely evaded and ignored,
which can only be interpreted as a rejection of the * Curzon Line.'
" 2. As regards the Polish Government's proposal for the opening of
official negotiations between it and the Soviet Government, the Soviet
Government is of opinion that this proposal aims at misleading public
opinion, for it is easy to understand that the Soviet Government is not in a
position to enter into official recognitions with a Government with which
diplomatic relations have been broken. Soviet circles wish that it should
be borne in mind that diplomatic relations with the Polish Government
were broken off through the fault of that Government because of its active
participation in the hostile, anti-Soviet, slanderous campaign of the German
invaders in connection with the alleged murders in Katyn.
" 3. In the opinion of Soviet circles, the above-mentioned circumstances
once again demonstrate that the present Polish Government does not desire
to establish good-neighbourly relations with the Soviet Union."
Thus the Polish proposal to discuss " all outstanding questions " with
the Soviets had merely evoked a " brief and brutal" refusal from the
Kremlin^ and a rebuke that " the present Polish Government" did not
desire the establishment of good-neighbourly relations with the Soviet
Union. The meaning of the Kremlin's reply was plain. The Spectator
suggested " that M. Molotov purposed to secure the overthrow of the
Polish Government in London and substitute one composed, perhaps,
of the c Union of Polish Patriots * in Moscow, more accordant with his
own ideas." Lest any doubt should exist on this point, Moscow took
pains to dispel them through the medium of the News Chronicle corres-
pondent. " The differences between the London Poles," he wrote,
" are not such as can be smoothed over. Russia believes that these Poles
are aggressive nationalists ... It is impossible to forecast what would be
Moscow's reaction to a really radical reconstruction of the Polish Govern-
ment in London. But time is getting short ... If agreement is not
reached, then the Red Army will march into Poland, restore order, hold
elections, and recognise the new Government thus formed."
In the Moscow Declaration of October, 1943, " the Great Powers had
reassured the small countries that they did not intend to use their armed
forces to prevail their own creatures upon the liberated peoples," while
in the Teheran Declaration they had sought the " elimination of tyranny
and slavery, oppression and intolerance." But in the cable from Moscow's
Reuter correspondent were the words c that the Red Army would restore
order in Poland.' This to the Polish people was reminiscent of 18313 of
the bloody executions carried out by the Russians in connection with the